Cities of the metropolitan area of Barcelona share policies, infrastructures, labour relations and markets, education and culture, housing, health, security, mobility, energy and supplies, etc. Civic life, throughout the country, has become metropolitan.
The AMB presents the exhibition Metròpolis Barcelona, an initiative that shows the reality of this metropolitan territory in all fields. The exhibition complements the process of defining the new Metropolitan Urban Plan - PDU.
Barcelona among the metropolises
Due to its geographic situation and urban culture, Barcelona is quite distinct from other capital metropolises in the world.
Its particular character arises from its valuable history, the compactness of its growth and, most of all, from the powerful dynamics experienced since the late nineteenth and throughout the twentieth century. The transformations of the last forty years, in its urban spaces as well as in economic and residential activities, have placed it as a significant city in the European scene.
a capital point in Europe
The metropolitan area of Barcelona plays a leading role in the context of Europe. These sets of cities are grouped according to various spatial models and occupy a specific territory that, in our case, is located in the Mediterranean arch.
Metròpolis Barcelona: 1975-2015
During these forty years the transformation has focused on modernising infrastructures, reorganising streets, broadening sidewalks, increasing tree-covered areas, building new neighbourhoods with parks and public services; woodlands in Collserola and agricultural activity in Llobregat delta have been preserved. Beaches have revived and riverbeds, starting with Besòs, have been opened to the public.
New ways of living and working
In the last forty years, there has been a substantial evolution in the metropolitan society and economy.
The population has aged, the number of births has decreased and there is greater diversity as a result of international immigration. The industrial economy has been replaced by an economy of services to production, services to people and knowledge.
The metropolitan form of economic activity
The economic activities of the metropolis are diverse, dispersed and complex. They define the ground plan of the metropolis and largely determine the cityscape skyline that citizens perceive.
The metropolitan area can be explained by contemporary forms of economic activity.
The facilities of the metropolis
Public facilities, like public spaces, are a guarantee of the welfare state and ensure the quality of metropolitan life. They are spaces dedicated to education, health, sports, leisure, culture and supplies.
The residential urban fabric
The thirty-six municipalities that form the Barcelona Metropolitan Area are rooted in a set of towns and cities well situated in the territory. They all had significant growth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with a strong residential component until the early twentieth century. Later, specialised areas with exclusive uses arose.
The centres of the metropolis
The central spaces of a metropolis are those with the highest concentration of people. They are symbolic, civilian places located near the centres of power, around facilities and stations, next to exchange hubs, in open spaces.
The landscape: ecology, leisure and production
Streets, squares and parks of our cities can re-naturalise themselves and connect with metropolitan parks and with those agricultural and natural areas that we still keep.
The metropolitan metabolism
The city is the main habitat of the human species; over half of humanity lives in a conurbation. The city is a physical space, but above all it is a functional space, where daily life develops and is maintained thanks to the constant flow of food, raw materials, energy, water and people.
All this generates manufactured products, waste and emissions.
New metropolitan landscapes
In recent years, the metropolitan reality has shifted from an urban culture of compactness, squares and streets to experience a progressive expansion of its different areas, a fluidity of its borders and unclear interstices. The emergence of heavily specialised new spaces dedicated solely to ensuring the efficient movement of cars has resulted in the incorporation of new and powerful elements that structure the contemporary landscape.
The metropolitan mobility
The mobility of people and goods in the metropolis has increased greatly in the last forty years, while it has gone from a radial pattern centred in Barcelona to a configuration of the road network articulated from municipal sub-centres. The public transport networks are better connected thanks to the policies of fare integration and greater inter-modality.
Innovations in the city
Historically, cities have been areas of creativity, progress and civilisation, places that at the same time facilitate the social interaction necessary for innovation. Nowadays, the digitization of the environment is transforming the way people interact, manage, move and live in the city.
Dynamic explanation of the metropolis
The metropolitan reality changes over time. While the physical form of a city is the result of a slow but dynamic construction, the behaviour patterns of its inhabitants in public space vary according to the time of day or the month of the year.